We record debt issuance costs as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of our long-term borrowings, as well as costs incurred for subsequent modification of debt, incurred in connection with our long-term borrowings and credit facilities. We amortize these costs as an adjustment to interest expense over the remaining contractual life of the associated long-term borrowing or credit facility using the effective interest method for term loans and convertible debt borrowings, and the straight-line method for revolving credit facilities. When unscheduled principal payments are made, we adjust the amortization of our deferred debt-related costs to reflect the expected remaining terms of the borrowing.
Rent expense and lease incentives, including landlord construction allowances, are recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term, commencing generally on the date the Company takes possession of the leased property. The unamortized portion of deferred rent is included in deferred rent and lease incentive obligation.
Self-Funded Health Insurance
In September 2016, the Company elected to partially self-fund its health insurance plan. The Company contracts with a third-party broker to facilitate, administer the plan and obtain individual and aggregate stop-loss insurance policies. The Company estimates its exposure for claims incurred but not paid at the end of each reporting period and uses historical claims data supplied by the Company’s broker to estimate its self-funded insurance liability. To reduce its risk related to high dollar claims, the Company maintains individual and aggregate stop-loss insurance policies.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.” The guidance in the ASU supersedes existing revenue recognition guidance and the core principle behind ASU 2014-09 is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods and services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for delivering those goods and services. This model involves a five-step process that includes identifying the contract with the customer, identifying the performance obligations in the contract, determining the transaction price, allocating the transaction prices to the performance obligations in the contract and recognizing revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies the performance obligations. In July 2015, the FASB ratified a one-year delay in the effective date of ASU 2014-09, which makes the effective date for the Company the first quarter of 2018. The ASU allows two methods of adoption; a full retrospective approach where three years of financial information are presented in accordance with the new standard, and a modified retrospective approach where the ASU is applied to the most current period presented in the financial statements with a cumulative effect recognized as of the date of initial application. This update could impact the timing and amounts of revenue recognized. In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-12, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients. The amendment provides clarifying guidance in certain narrow areas and adds some practical expedients. We are currently evaluating which transition approach to use and assessing the impact of adopting the new revenue standard on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-08, “Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net)” that amends the principal versus agent guidance in ASU 2014-09. The guidance in this ASU clarifies that the analysis must focus on whether the entity has control of the goods or services before they are transferred to the customer. Additional guidance is also provided about how to apply the control principle when services are provided and when goods or services are combined with other goods or services. The effective date for the Company is the first quarter of fiscal 2018. We are currently assessing the impact the updated standard will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-10, “Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing” that amends the revenue guidance in ASU 2014-09 on identifying performance obligations and accounting for licenses of intellectual property. The update allows an entity to exclude immaterial promised good and services from the assessment of performance obligations and also permits certain treatment of shipping and handling costs related to providing goods and services to a customer. Additionally, this ASU provides guidance on determining if promised goods or services are separately identifiable or whether the promise is to transfer a combined item to which promised goods and/or services are inputs. This ASU includes implementation guidance on determining whether an entity’s promise to grant a license provides a customer with either a right to use the entity’s intellectual property (which is satisfied at a point in time) or a right to access the entity’s intellectual property (which is satisfied over time). The effective date of the standard for the Company will coincide with ASU 2014-09 during the first quarter 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the effect that the updated standard will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.